Resources

The Perfect Brake Job®

BEFORE YOU START

Download The Perfect Brake Job® Checklist and the Brake Inspection Checklist for your reference. 

Step 1

Step 1

Test drive vehicle to confirm the owner’s comments

  • Check for warning lights

Step 2

Step 2

Inspect tire condition and hub bearings for excessive end play

Step 3

Step 3

Check suspension

  • Tie Rods
  • Ball Joints 
  • Shocks 
  • CV Axles 
  • Bushings

Step 4

Step 4

Inspect master cylinder, booster, ABS unit and other components for leaks, damage, and contamination                         

Step 5

Step 5

Remove all four wheels

  • Mark rotor and drum to stud

Step 6

Step 6

Complete a brake inspection based on standard guidelines and record findings on the brake inspection checksheet

Disc Brake Inspection

Step 7

Step 7

Inspect caliper operation, hardware and rubber suspension

  •  Free movement
  •  Piston pullback

Step 8

Step 8

Inspect brake hoses

Step 9

Step 9

Inspect caliper body condition and bracket for damage or wear

Step 10

Step 10

Inspect pads

  • Measure lining thickness
  • Taper or uneven wear
  • Pad surface - for grooves or contamination
  • Shim migration or damage

Step 11

Step 11

Inspect rotor

  • Grooves
  • Discoloration
  • Proper thickness
  • Clogged cooling vanes
  • Delamination

Drum Brake Inspection

Step 12

Step 12

Remove and inspect drums         

  • Discoloration
  • Wear
  • Maximum diameter

Step 13

Step 13

Inspect shoes

  • Measure lining thickness
  • Wear pattern
  • Cracking
  • Contamination

Step 14

Step 14

Inspect wheel cylinder for leaks and proper movement

Step 15

Step 15

Inspect hardware and cables

  • Springs and pins
  • Return and hold down items
  • Parking brake levers and cable
  • Back plates for grooves     

Post Inspection

Step 16

Write estimate based on the inspection results recorded on the checksheet

Disc Brake Job

Step 17

Step 17

Clamp off brake hose with proper line locks

Step 18

Step 18

Open bleeder and push piston in

Step 19

Step 19

Remove caliper and support using wire, hook, or other means – then remove pads

Step 20

Step 20

Remove rotor

  • Mark position if not done previously

Step 21

Step 21

Clean hub surface removing scaled rust with hub cleaning tool

Step 22

Step 22

If machining, using a bench or on the car lathe, first clean the hub mating surface of the rotor. Use slow speed for final cut. When finished, sand both sides with 120 grit paper for one minute.

Step 23

Step 23

Wash all uncoated or machined rotors with soap and water. Coated and Phosphate Finish rotors do not need to be washed.

                                

Step 24

Step 24

Install rotor and look up specifications. Retain rotor with all lug nuts and conical washers evenly torqued, then measure lateral run-out

Step 25

Step 25

Clean and lubricate caliper bracket and slide contact points with high temp silicone lube                    

Step 26

Step 26

Lubricate pads at all metal-to-metal contact points to include shim on backing plate                                         

       

Step 27

Step 27

Install new brake pads and new hardware

  • NAPA® Adaptive One®
  • NAPA® Premium™
  • NAPA® Proformer™
  • NAPA® StopRite®

  

 

 

 

 

 

        

Step 28

Step 28

Install caliper and bracket                                                

Step 29

Step 29

Remove brake hose clamp

Step 30

Step 30

Flush and bleed brake system if needed

Drum Brake Job

Step 31

Step 31

Wash brake assembly with proper equipment

Step 32

Step 32

Disassemble drum brake system

  • Note position of shoes and springs

Step 33

Step 33

Lubricate backing plate at shoe rest

Step 34

Step 34

Install new brake shoes and new hardware                                     

Step 35

Step 35

Wash drums with soap and water if new or machined                                           

Step 36

Step 36

Adjust shoe-to-drum clearance if applicable, and install drum                                                                                   

Step 37

Step 37

Flush and bleed brake system if needed

FINALIZE

                                                     

Step 38

Step 38

Install wheels and torque to specifications using star pattern                     

Step 39

Step 39

Check pedal height and feel

Step 40

Step 40

Top off master cylinder with proper fluid         

Step 41

Step 41

Test drive vehicle and check that all warning lights are off to ensure customer satisfaction